As food and fuel prices rise alarmingly around the world, Southeast Asian legislators are pressing their countries’ economic ministers to hold an emergency summit to handle potential food shortages and widespread hunger.
The global economy, already weakened by the pandemic, is taking another blow with the war in Ukraine, one of the main producers of grain in the world. Shortages of food, increases in oil prices, and fears of a global recession are already increasing the prices of essential commodities.
The average inflation rate in ASEAN went from 3.1 percent in December 2021 to 4.7 percent in April 2022, compared to 0.9 percent in January 2021. And, as always, this affects the poor most dramatically.
“ASEAN needs to act collectively and needs to do it now. Climate change, the ravages of Covid-19, inequality in access to resources, and now Russia’s war on Ukraine, are having devastating impacts that no country can solve alone. It is necessary to urgently put in place a coordinated effort to protect the most vulnerable from a potentially devastating economic downturn,” said Mercy Barends, Member of Parliament in Indonesia and Board member of ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights (APHR).
Inflation in food prices could even further increase the number of undernourished people in ASEAN.
According to data from the World Bank, the share of undernourished people ranged in 2019 from 5.3 percent in Laos to 6.5 percent in Indonesia, 6.7 percent in Vietnam, 7.6 percent in Myanmar, 8.2 percent in Thailand and 9.4 percent in the Philippines.
People displaced from their homes are particularly vulnerable to increased food prices, which take an even higher toll on women and children. In Myanmar, there are over a million internally displaced persons (IDPs), most of whom were pushed to flee their homes as a consequence of the conflict triggered by the coup d’état on 1 February 2021.
ASEAN member states adopted the Integrated Food Security Framework in 2020, outlining food security measures that included food emergency and shortage relief measures, but it needs to be updated and enhanced in order to address a problem that is rapidly worsening.
The Southeast Asian bloc must prepare for the future and act decisively to facilitate easy access to food for all, support its producers, and scale up targeted, and nutrition-sensitive, social protection programs.
“Our economic ministers must come up with a clear roadmap on how to tackle the severe consequences of the current rise in food prices on those who are already experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity and hunger. We need trust and cooperation, and only through a collective effort will we be able to overcome the many challenges that have combined to create this crisis,” said Barends.